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rich North/poor South

Mohamed Al Zawawi -Libya, 1936-2011

The idea of a “rich North and poor South” is a common one, referring to the economic divide between developed countries in the Northern Hemisphere and less developed countries in the Southern Hemisphere. This concept has been the subject of much discussion and debate, with many different factors contributing to the disparities between these regions.

One of the primary factors contributing to the rich North/poor South divide is historical colonialism and exploitation. Many countries in the North, such as European powers like Britain, France, and Spain, gained wealth and power by colonizing and exploiting countries in the South, such as those in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. This legacy of colonialism has had long-lasting effects on the economic development of these regions, including the concentration of wealth and power in the hands of a few elites, the exploitation of natural resources, and the suppression of local industries and markets.

Another factor contributing to the rich North/poor South divide is globalization and the international economic system. Developed countries in the North have been able to leverage their economic power to shape global trade policies and institutions, often to their advantage. This has allowed them to maintain their economic dominance and limit the economic opportunities of less developed countries in the South.

In addition to these systemic issues, several other factors contribute to the rich North/poor South divide. These include political instability, conflict, violence, and environmental degradation, and disease. These factors can create a cycle of poverty and underdevelopment that is difficult to break.

Despite these challenges, there are many efforts underway to address the rich North/poor South divide. These include initiatives to promote economic development, improve education and healthcare, and address the root causes of poverty and inequality. However, progress in these areas has been slow and uneven, and there is still much work to be done to create a more just and equitable global system.

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